Kızılderili Kabileleri

Kızılderililer ya da Amerika Yerlileri, Sibirya kökenli Eskimo - Aleut halkları dışında kalan bütün Amerika yerlileri için kullanılan ortak birleştirici ad. Dilce birbiriyle akraba olmayan iki ayrı ana grupta toplanırlar: Sibirya kökenli olan Na-Dene dilleri ile Na-Dene dilleri dışındaki bütün Kızılderili dillerini içeren Amerind dilleri.

__NOTOC__ Avrupalıların kıtaya ayak basmasından önce Kuzey Amerika topraklarında birbirlerinden dil, yaşayış ve inanç biçimi olarak az ya da çok farklılıklar gösteren pek çok kabile bulunmaktaydı. Günümüzde bazı kabilelerin üyeleri tamamen yok olmuş bazıları da çok az sayıda kalmış olmakla birlikte çalışmalarla ortaya konulan bazı kabile adları aşağıda sıralanmaktadır:

A

  • A`ane (Aane, A`ananin),
  • Abenaki (Abanaki, Abinaki, Abenaqui),
  • Abnaki-Penobscot,
  • Absaaloke (Absaalooke, Absaloke, Absaroke, Absalooke, Absarokee, Absaroka),
  • Achumawi (Achomawi),
  • Acjachemen (Acjachemem, Acjachamen),
  • Acoma,
  • Agua Caliente,
  • Ahahnelin,
  • Ahe,
  • Ahtna (Ahtena, Atna),
  • Ajachemem (Ajachemen,
  • Ajachamem,
  • Ajachmem),
  • Akainawa,
  • Akimel O`odham,
  • Akwa`ala (Akwaala, Akwala),
  • Alabama-Coushatta,
  • Algonquians (Algonkians),
  • Algonquin (Algonkin),
  • Aliklik (Alliklik),
  • Alkansea,
  • Alnobak (Alní´bak, Alnombak, Aln8bak),
  • Alsea (í„lsí©, Alsí©ya),
  • Amalecite,
  • Anishinaabe (Anishinabe, Anishinabemowin, Anishinabeg, Anishinabek, Anishnabay),
  • Aniyunwiya,
  • Antoniaí±o,
  • Apache,
  • Apalachee (Appalachee, Apalachi),
  • Applegate,
  • Apsaaloke (Apsaalooke, Apsaloke, Apsaroke, Apsarokee, Apsaroka),
  • Apwaruge (Apwarugeyi, Apwarugewi),
  • Arapaho (Arapahoe, Arrapaho, Arrapahoe),
  • Arikara (Arikari),
  • Arkansas,
  • Asakiwaki,
  • Assiniboine (Assiniboin),
  • Atakapa,
  • Atfalati,
  • Atikamekw (Atikamek, Attikamek, Attimewk),
  • Atsina,
  • Atsugewi (Atsuge, Atsugeyi, Atsukeyi, Atsuke),
  • Araucano (Araucanian),
  • Atzinca (Atzinteco, Atzintec),
  • Ayisiyiniwok,
  • Aztec


B

  • Babine,
  • Bahwika (Bhawika),
  • Bannock,
  • Barbareí±o,
  • Bear River,
  • Beaver,
  • Bella Bella,
  • Bella Coola,
  • Beothuks (Beothuck, Betoukuag),
  • Bettol,
  • Biloxi,
  • Black Carib,
  • Blackfoot (Blackfeet),
  • Blood Indians,
  • Bode`wadmi


C

  • Cabanapo,
  • Caddo (Caddoe),
  • Cahita,
  • Cahto,
  • Cahuilla,
  • Calapooya (Calapuya, Calapooia),
  • Carolina Algonquian,
  • Carquin,
  • Carrier,
  • Caska,
  • Catawba,
  • Cathlamet,
  • Catlotlq,
  • Cayuga,
  • Cayuse,
  • Celilo,
  • Central Pomo,
  • Chahta,
  • Chalaque,
  • Chappaquiddick (Chappaquiddic, Chappiquidic),
  • Chawchila (Chawchilla),
  • Chehalis,
  • Chelan,
  • Chemehuevi,
  • Cheraw,
  • Cheroenhaka,
  • Cherokee ,
  • Cheyenne (Cheyanne),
  • Chickamaugan,
  • Chickasaw (Chikasha),
  • Chilcotin,
  • Chilula-Wilkut,
  • Chimariko,
  • Chinook,
  • Chinook Jargon,
  • Chipewyan (Chipewyin, Chippewyin),
  • Chippewa,
  • Chitimacha (Chitamacha),
  • Chocheno,
  • Choctaw,
  • Cholon,
  • Chontal de Oaxaca,
  • Chontal de Tabasco (Chontal Maya),
  • Choynimni (Choinimni),
  • Chukchansi,
  • Chumash,
  • Clackamas (Clackama),
  • Clallam,
  • Clatskanie (Clatskanai, Clackstar),
  • Clatsop,
  • Cmique,
  • Coastal Cree,
  • Cochimi,
  • Cochiti,
  • Cocopa (Cocopah, Cocopá),
  • Coeur d`Alene,
  • Cofan,
  • Columbia (Columbian),
  • Colville,
  • Comanche,
  • Comcaac,
  • Comox,
  • Conestoga,
  • Coos (Coosan),
  • Copper River Athabaskan,
  • Coquille,
  • Cora (Corapan),
  • Coso,
  • Costanoan,
  • Coushatta,
  • Cowichan,
  • Cowlitz,
  • Cree,
  • Creek,
  • Croatan (Croatoan),
  • Crow,
  • Cruzeí±o,
  • Cucupa (Cucupá, Cucapá),
  • Cupeno (Cupeí±o, Cupa)


D

  • Dakelh,
  • Dakota,
  • Dakubetede,
  • Dawson,
  • Degexit`an (Deg Xit`an, Deg Hit`an, Deg Xinag),
  • Delaware,
  • Dena`ina (Denaina),
  • Dene,
  • Dene Tha,
  • Diegueno,
  • Dine (Dineh),
  • Djimaliko (Djimariko),
  • Dogrib,
  • Dohema (Dohma),
  • Duhlelap,
  • Dumna,
  • Dunne-za (Dane-zaa, Dunneza),


E

  • Eastern Inland Cree,
  • Eastern Pomo,
  • Ecclemachs,
  • Eel River Athabascan,
  • Eenou (Eeyou),
  • Erie
  • Eskimo (Esquimaux),
  • Esselen,
  • Etchemin (Etchimin),
  • Etnemitane,
  • Euchee,
  • Eudeve (Eudebe, Endeve),
  • Excelen,
  • Eyak


F

  • Fernandeno (Fernandeí±o),
  • Flathead Salish,
  • Fox,
  • French Cree


G

  • Gabrielino (Gabrieleí±o),
  • Gaigwu,
  • Galice,
  • Garifuna,
  • Gashowu,
  • Gitxsan (Gitksan, Gitsken, Giklsan, Gityskyan),
  • Goltsan,
  • Gosiute (Goshute),
  • Gros Ventre,
  • Guarijio (Guarihio, Guarijí­o),
  • Gulf,
  • Gwich`in (Gwichin, Gwitchin),


H

  • Haida,
  • Haisla,
  • Halkomelem (Halqomelem, Halqomeylem),
  • Han (Hí¤n, Hankutchin, Han Hwech`in),
  • Hanesak,
  • Hanis,
  • Hare,
  • Hatteras,
  • Haudenosaunee,
  • Havasupai,
  • Hawaiian,
  • Heiltsuk,
  • Heve,
  • Hiaki,
  • Hichiti,
  • Hidatsa (Hinatsa),
  • Hinonoeino,
  • Hitchiti,
  • Hocak (Ho-Chunk, Hochunk),
  • Hochelagan,
  • Holikachuk,
  • Holkomelem,
  • Homalco,
  • Hoopa,
  • Hopi,
  • Hopland Pomo,
  • Hualapai,
  • Huarijio (Huarihio, Huarijí­o),
  • Huelel,
  • Huichol (Huichola),
  • Huichun,
  • Hupa,
  • Huron,
  • Hutyeyu,
  • Hwech`in


I

  • Illini (Illiniwek, Illinois),
  • Inca,
  • Ineseí±o (Inezeí±o),
  • Ingalik (Ingalit),
  • Innoko,
  • Innu,
  • Inuktitut (Inuit, Inupiat, Inupiaq, Inupiatun),
  • Inuna-Ina,
  • Iowa-Oto (Ioway),
  • Iroquois Confederacy,
  • Ishak,
  • Isleí±o,
  • Isleta,
  • Itza Maya (Itzaj, Itzah),
  • Iviatim,
  • Iynu


J

  • James Bay Cree,
  • Jemez,
  • Juaneno (Juaneí±o),
  • Juichun


K

  • Kabinapek,
  • Kahwan,
  • Kainai (Kainaiwa),
  • Kalapuya (Kalapuyan, Kalapooya, Kalapooia, Kalapooian, Kalapooyan),
  • Kanenavish,
  • Kanien`kehaka (Kanienkehaka),
  • Kalispel,
  • Kansa (Kanza, Kanze),
  • Karkin,
  • Karok (Karuk),
  • Kashaya,
  • Kaska,
  • Kaskaskia,
  • Kathlamet (Katlamet),
  • Kato,
  • Kaw,
  • Kawaiisu (Kawaisu),
  • Kechan,
  • Kenaitze (Kenai),
  • Keres (Keresan),
  • Kichai,
  • Kickapoo (Kikapoo, Kikapu),
  • Kikima,
  • Kiksht,
  • Kiliwa (Kiliwi, Ko`lew),
  • Kiowa,
  • Kiowa Apache,
  • Kitanemuk,
  • Kitsai (K`itsash),
  • Klahoose,
  • Klallam,
  • Klamath-Modoc,
  • Klatskanie (Klatskanai, Klaatshan),
  • Klatsop,
  • Klickitat,
  • Koasati,
  • Kolchan,
  • Konkow (Konkau),
  • Konomihu,
  • Kootenai (Ktunaxa, Kutenai),
  • Koso,
  • Koyukon,
  • Kuitsh,
  • Kulanapo (Kulanapan, Kulanapa),
  • Kumeyaay/Kumiai,
  • Kupa (Kupangaxwichem),
  • Kusan,
  • Kuskokwim,
  • Kutchin (Kootchin),
  • Kwaiailk,
  • Kw`al,
  • Kwakiutl (Kwakwala),
  • Kwalhioqua,
  • Kwantlen,
  • Kwapa (Kwapaw),
  • Kwedech,
  • Kweedishchaaht (Kweneecheeaht),
  • Kwikipa,
  • Kwinault (Kwinayl)


L

  • Laguna,
  • Lakhota (Lakota),
  • Lakmiak (Lakmayut),
  • Lassik,
  • Latkawa,
  • Laurentian (Lawrencian),
  • Lecesem,
  • Lenape (Lenni Lenape),
  • Lillooet,
  • Lipan Apache,
  • Listiguj (Listuguj),
  • Llaamen,
  • Lnuk (L`nuk, L`nu`k, Lnu),
  • Loucheux (Loucheaux),
  • Loup,
  • Lower Chehalis,
  • Lower Coquille,
  • Lower Cowlitz,
  • Lower Tanana,
  • Lower Umpqua,
  • Luckiamute (Lukiamute),
  • Luiseno,
  • Lumbee,
  • Lummi,
  • Lushootseed,
  • Lutuamian


M

  • Mahican,
  • Maidu,
  • Makah,
  • Maliseet (Malecite, Malí©cite, Maliceet, Malisit, Malisset),
  • Maliseet-Passamaquoddy,
  • Mamaceqtaw,
  • Mandan,
  • Mangoac,
  • Mapuche (Mapudungun, Mapudugan),
  • Maricopa,
  • Massachusett (Massachusetts),
  • Massasoit (Massassoit, Mashpee),
  • Mattole,
  • Maumee,
  • Matlatzinca (Maklasinca, Maklatzinca),
  • Mayan,
  • Mayo,
  • Mengwe,
  • Menominee (Menomini),
  • Mescalero-Chiricahua,
  • Meskwaki (Mesquaki-Sauk, Mesquakie),
  • Metis Creole,
  • Mewoc,
  • Miami-Illinois,
  • Miccosukee,
  • Michif,
  • Micmac (Micmaq, Mickmack, Mi`gmaq),
  • Migueleí±o,
  • Mikasuki,
  • Mi`kmaq (Mikmaq, Mikmak, Mikmaw, Mi`kmaw, Mi`kmawi`simk, Mikmawisimk, Mí­kmaq, Mí­kmaw, Mí­kmawí­simk),
  • Miluk,
  • Mingo,
  • Minsi,
  • Minto,
  • Miskito (Miskitu, Misquito, Mosquito),
  • Missouria,
  • Mitchif,
  • Miwok (Miwoc, Miwuk),
  • Mixe,
  • Modoc,
  • Mohave,
  • Mohawk,
  • Mohegan,
  • Mohican,
  • Mojave,
  • Molale (Molalla, Molala, Molele, Molel),
  • Monache (Mono),
  • Montagnais,
  • Montauk,
  • Moosehide,
  • Multnomah,
  • Munsee (Munsie, Muncey, Muncie),
  • Muskogee (Muscogee, Mvskoke),
  • Musqueam,
  • Mutsun


N

  • Nabesna,
  • Nabiltse,
  • Nadot`en (Nadoten, Natooten, Natoot`en, Natut`en),
  • Nahane (Nahani, Nahanni, Nahanne),
  • Nahuat,
  • Nahuatl,
  • Naklallam,
  • Nakoda (Nakota),
  • Nambe,
  • Nanticoke,
  • Nantucket,
  • Narragansett,
  • Naskapi,
  • Nass-Gitxsan,
  • Natchez,
  • Natick,
  • Navajo (Navaho),
  • Nawat,
  • Nayhiyuwayin,
  • Nde,
  • Nee-me-poo,
  • Nehiyaw (Nehiyawok),
  • Netela,
  • Nevome,
  • New Blackfoot,
  • Newe,
  • Nez Perce,
  • Niantic,
  • Nicola,
  • Niitsipussin (Niitsitapi),
  • Nimipu (Nimiipuu, Nimi`ipuu, Nimi`ipu),
  • Nipmuc,
  • Nisenan (Nishinam),
  • Nisga`a (Nisgaa, Nisgha, Nishga, Niska, Nisk`a),
  • Nlaka`pamux (Nlakapamux, Ntlakapamux, Ntlakapmuk, Nklapmux),
  • Nomlaki (Nomalaki),
  • Nooksack (Nooksak),
  • Nootka (Nutka),
  • Nootsack (Nootsak),
  • Northeastern Pomo,
  • Northern Carrier,
  • Northern Cheyenne,
  • Nottoway,
  • Nsilxin,
  • Nuooah,
  • Nutunutu,
  • Nuxalk,
  • Nuxwstlayamutsen,
  • Nxak`amxcin


O

  • Oaxaca Chontal,
  • Obispeí±o,
  • Ocuiltec (Ocuilteco),
  • Odawa,
  • Ofo (Ofogoula),
  • Ogahpah (Ogaxpa),
  • Ohlone,
  • Ojibwa (Ojibway, Ojibwe, Ojibwemowin),
  • Oji-Cree,
  • Okanagan (Okanogan),
  • Okwanuchu,
  • Old Blackfoot,
  • Omaha,
  • Oneida,
  • Onondaga,
  • O`ob No`ok (O:b No`ok),
  • O`odham (Oodham),
  • Opata,
  • Osage,
  • Otchipwe,
  • Otoe,
  • Ottawa


P

  • Pai,
  • Paipai,
  • Paiute,
  • Palaihnihan (Palaihnih, Palahinihan),
  • Palewyami,
  • Palouse,
  • Pamlico,
  • Panamint,
  • Panoan,
  • Pantlatch (Pantlach),
  • Papago-Pima,
  • Pascua Yaqui,
  • Passamaquoddy,
  • Patuxet,
  • Patwin,
  • Paviotso,
  • Pawnee,
  • Peigan,
  • Pend D`Oreille,
  • Penobscot (Penobscott, Pentagoet),
  • Pentlatch (Pentlach),
  • Peoria,
  • Pequot,
  • Peskotomuhkati,
  • Picuris,
  • Piegan (Piikani, Pikani, Pikanii, Pikuni),
  • Pima,
  • Pima Bajo,
  • Pipil,
  • Pit River,
  • Plains Indian Sign Language,
  • Pojoaque,
  • Pomo (Pomoan),
  • Ponca,
  • Popoluca (Popoloca),
  • Porcupine Indians,
  • Potawatomi (Potowatomi, Pottawatomie, Potawatomie),
  • Powhatan (Powhattan, Powhaten, Powatan),
  • Pueblo,
  • Puget Sound Salish,
  • Puntlatch (Puntlach),
  • Purisimeí±o,
  • Putún


Q

  • Quapaw (Quapa),
  • Quechan,
  • Quechua,
  • Quilcene,
  • Quileute,
  • Quinault


R

  • Raramuri (Ralamuli),
  • Red Indians,
  • Restigouche,
  • Rumsen,
  • Runasimi


S

  • Saanich,
  • Sac,
  • Sahaptin,
  • Salhulhtxw,
  • Salinan,
  • Salish,
  • Samish,
  • Sandia,
  • Sanish (Sahnish),
  • San Felipe,
  • San Ildefonso,
  • San Juan,
  • Sanpoil,
  • Santa Ana,
  • Santa Clara,
  • Santiam,
  • Santo Domingo,
  • Saponi (Saponey),
  • Sarcee (Sarsi, Sarsee),
  • Sastean (Sasta),
  • Satsop,
  • Savannah,
  • Sauk,
  • Saulteaux,
  • Sechelt,
  • Secwepemc (Secwepmec, Secwepmectsin, Secwepemctsin),
  • Sekani,
  • Selkirk,
  • Seminoles,
  • Seneca,
  • Seri,
  • Serrano,
  • Seshelt,
  • Severn Ojibwe,
  • Sextapay,
  • Shanel,
  • Shashishalhem,
  • Shasta (Shastika, Shastan),
  • Shawnee (Shawano),
  • Shinnecock,
  • Shoshone (Shoshoni),
  • Shuar,
  • Shuswap,
  • Sierra Chontal,
  • Siksika (Siksikawa),
  • Similkameen,
  • Sinkiuse (Sincayuse),
  • Sinkyone,
  • Sioux (Siular),
  • Siuslaw,
  • Skagit,
  • Skicin,
  • S`Klallam,
  • Skokomish,
  • Skraeling,
  • Skwamish,
  • Slavey (Slave, Slavi),
  • Sliammon (Sliamon),
  • Sm`algyax,
  • Snichim,
  • Snohomish,
  • Songish,
  • Sooke,
  • Souriquois (Sourquois),
  • Southeastern Pomo,
  • Southern Paiute,
  • Spokane (Spokan),
  • Squamish,
  • Sqwxwu7mish (Sqwxwu7mesh),
  • Stadaconan,
  • St`at`imcets (St`at`imc, St`at`imx, Stl`atl`imc, Stl`atl`imx, Stlatlimc),
  • Stl`pulimuhkl (Stlpulmsh, Slpulmsh),
  • Stockbridge,
  • Sto:lo,
  • Stoney,
  • Straits Salish,
  • Suquamish,
  • Sulateluk,
  • Susquehannock,
  • Suwal,
  • Swampy Cree,
  • Swinomish


T

  • Tabasco Chontal,
  • Tachi (Tache),
  • Tahltan,
  • Tagish,
  • Tahcully,
  • Taino,
  • Takelma (Takilma),
  • Takla,
  • Taltushtuntede (Taltushtuntude),
  • Tamyen,
  • Tanacross,
  • Tanaina,
  • Tanana,
  • Tano,
  • Taos,
  • Tarahumara,
  • Tataviam,
  • Tauira (Tawira),
  • Teguima (Teguime),
  • Tehachapi,
  • Ten`a,
  • Tenino,
  • Tepehuan (Tepehuano, Tepecano),
  • Tequistlateco (Tequistlatec),
  • Tesuque,
  • Tetawken,
  • Tete-de-Boule (Tetes-de-Boules),
  • Tewa,
  • Thompson,
  • Tigua,
  • Tillamook,
  • Timbisha (Timbasha),
  • Timucua,
  • Tinde,
  • Tinneh,
  • Tiwa,
  • Tjekan,
  • Tlahuica (Tlahura),
  • Tlatskanie (Tlatskanai),
  • Tlatsop,
  • Tlicho (Tlicho Dinne, Thlingchadine),
  • Tlingit (Tlinkit),
  • Tohono O`odham,
  • Tolowa,
  • Tongva (Tongvan),
  • Tonkawa,
  • Towa,
  • Tsalagi (Tsa-la-gi),
  • Tsattine (Tsa Tinne, Tza Tinne),
  • Tsekani (Tse`khene, Tsek`ehne),
  • Tsetsehestahese,
  • Tsetsaut (Ts`ets`aut),
  • Tsilhqot`in (Tzilkotin),
  • Tsimshian (Tsimpshian),
  • Tsinuk,
  • Tsinuk Wawa,
  • Tsitsistas,
  • Tsooke,
  • Tsoyaha,
  • Tsuu T`ina (Tsuut`ina),
  • Tualatin,
  • Tubar (Tubare),
  • Tubatulabal,
  • Tukudh (Takudh),
  • Tulalip,
  • Tümpisa (Tumpisa, Tümbisha, Tumbisha),
  • Tunica,
  • Tupi,
  • Tuscarora,
  • Tutchone,
  • Tutelo,
  • Tututni,
  • Tuwa`duxqucid,
  • Tuwa`duqutsid,
  • Twana,
  • Twatwa (Twightwee)


U

  • Uchi (Uche, Uchean, Uchee),
  • Ukiah (Ukian, Uki, Ukia),
  • Ukomnom,
  • Umatilla,
  • Unami,
  • Upper Chehalis,
  • Upper Chinook,
  • Upper Cowlitz,
  • Upper Kuskokwim,
  • Upper Tanana,
  • Upper Umpqua,
  • Ute


V

  • Vaniuki (Vaniuqui),
  • Varijio (Varihio, Varijí­o),
  • Ventureí±o,
  • Virginian Algonkin


W

  • Wabanaki,
  • Wailaki (Wailakki),
  • Wailatpu (Waylatpu),
  • Walapai,
  • Walla Walla,
  • Waluulapam,
  • Wampanoag,
  • Wanapam,
  • Wanki (Wangki),
  • Wappinger,
  • Wappo,
  • Warijio (Warihio, Warijí­o),
  • Warm Springs,
  • Wasco-Wishram,
  • Washo (Washoe),
  • Watiru,
  • Wazhazhe,
  • Wea,
  • Wenatchi (Wenatchee, Wenachee, Wenachi),
  • Wendat,
  • Weott,
  • Western Pomo,
  • Whilkut,
  • White Clay People,
  • Wichita (Witchita),
  • Wikchamni,
  • Wilewakiute,
  • Willapa (Willopah),
  • Winnebago,
  • Wintu (Wintun),
  • Wishram,
  • Witsuwit`en (Witsuwiten, Wits`uwit`en, Wets`uwet`en, Wetsuweten),
  • Wiyot (Wi`yot, Wishosk),
  • Wobanaki,
  • Wolastoqewi (Wolastoqiyik),
  • Wyandot (Wyandotte),
  • Wynoochie


Y

  • Yakama,
  • Yakima,
  • Yaquina (Yakwina, Yakona, Yakonan, Yakon),
  • Yavapai,
  • Yawelmani,
  • Yaqui,
  • Yinka Dene,
  • Yneseí±o (Ynezeí±o),
  • Yocot`an,
  • Yokaya (Yokaia, Yakaya),
  • Yokuts (Yokut, Yokutsan),
  • Yoncalla (Yonkalla),
  • Yowlumni,
  • Ysleí±o,
  • Ysleta del Sur,
  • Yucatec Maya (Yucateco, Yucatan),
  • Yuchi (Yuchee)
  • Yuhaviatam,
  • Yukaliwa,
  • Yuki (Yukian),
  • Yuma,
  • Yurok (Yu`rok)


Z

  • Zapotec (Zapoteco),
  • Zia,
  • Zimshian,
  • Zoque,
  • Zuni


Dış bağlantılar



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