Morris William Travers (1872-1961) İngiliz kimyager. Sir William Ramsay ile birlikte ksenon, neon ve kripton elementlerini keşfetti.

Morris Travers

Morris William Travers (1872-1961) İngiliz kimyager. Sir William Ramsay ile birlikte ksenon, neon ve kripton elementlerini keşfetti.



<!--] who discovered xenon, neon and krypton with Sir William Ramsay. William Ramsay, between 1894 and 1908, first identified what were called the inert or noble gases: krypton, xenon, and radon. Travers was born in London and studied there at University College, where he became professor 1903. He went to Bangalore in 1906 as director of the new Indian Institute of Science, but returned to Britain at the outbreak of World War I and directed the manufacture of glass at Duroglass Limited. In 1920 he became involved with high-temperature furnaces and fuel technology, including the gasification of coal.

Travers helped Ramsay to determine the properties of the newly discovered gases argon and helium. They also heated minerals and meteorites in the search for further gases, but found none. Then in 1898 they obtained a large quantity of liquid air and subjected it to fractional distillation. Spectral analysis of the least volatile fraction revealed the presence of krypton. They examined the argon fraction for a constituent of lower boiling point, and discovered neon. Finally xenon, occurring as an even less volatile companion to krypton, was identified spectroscopically. Travers continued his researches in cryogenics and made the first accurate temperature measurements of liquid gases. He also helped to build several experimental liquid air plants in Europe. -->

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