Özelikle Vladimir Putin ve Boris Yeltsin iktidar zamanlarında develt kilit noktalarında görevlerine yerleştirildiler. Ayrıca bu rus kelime diğer devletlerde benzeri emniyet teşkilatlarda görevini süren personeli de kapsıyor.
DerivationThe term derives from the fact that these people come from "power ministries", which under Yeltsin and Putin formed a de facto higher level inner cabinet. Sometimes the term is translated as "strongman". The drawback of this translation is that it obscures the particular career background of these persons, as described above.
Political tendenciesWhile realists, the siloviki tend to favor a conservative "Great Russian" nationalism; an autocratic, Slavophilic, tradition that stretches back to the reign of Tsar Alexander III. However, the siloviki do not go to the ideological extremes of nationalist groups such as Pamyat, the Liberal Democratic Party of Vladimir Zhirinovsky or the Tsarist-era Black Hundred.
Views of the silovikiOpinions concerning siloviki in Russia are polarized. Some argue that the siloviki have Russia by the throat and threaten the fragile democracy; their power is immense, and they tend to favor a statist ideology at the expense of individual rights and freedoms.
Another point of view in Russia is that the siloviki are an appropriate counterweight to the Russian oligarchs, who might otherwise loot Russia and subvert its government. Adherents of this view compare siloviks to American law-enforcement figures like J. Edgar Hoover, who ran the FBI (and had a disproportionately influential standing in US politics) for nearly half of the 20th century.
- William Safire on the ``Siloviki``
- ``The Siloviki in Putin`s Russia: Who They Are and What They Want``, Washington Quarterly, Winter 2007
- ``The Exile`` on Russia`s brewing "Silovik war"
Russian politicians Russian words and phrases