Amerikan kültürü (İngilizce: Folklore of the United States), Amerika Birleşik Devletlerinde yaşayan halka ve vatandaşlık bağıyla bağlı olan herkese ve bu kültürü yaşayanlara verilen addır.

Amerikan kültürü

Amerikan kültürü (İngilizce: Folklore of the United States), Amerika Birleşik Devletlerinde yaşayan halka ve vatandaşlık bağıyla bağlı olan herkese ve bu kültürü yaşayanlara verilen addır. ==Amerikan kültür figürleri== ===Uydurulmuş kişiler=== * Paul Bunyan * Cordwood Pete * Iron John * John the Conqueror * John Henry * Roy Hobbs * Johnny Kaw * Joe Magarac * Molly Pitcher * Pecos Bill * Zorro * Stagger Lee * Henry "Ole Pete" Peterson * Casey Jones ===TArihsel kişiler=== ====Başkanlar==== * Aaron Burr (1756–1836) * Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865) * Alexander Hamilton (1755–1804) * Andrew Jackson (1767–1845) * Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) * Bob Dole (born 1923) * Charles Sumner (1811–1874) * Daniel Webster (1782–1852) * Eugene V. Debs (1855–1926) * Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882–1945) * George Wallace (1919–1998) * George Washington (1732–1799) * Henry Clay (1777–1852) * Huey Long (1893–1935) * Jefferson Davis (1808–1889) * John C. Calhoun (1780–1850) * John F. Kennedy (1917–1963) * John Hancock (1737–1793) * John Jay (1745–1829) * Jonathan Moulton (1726–1787) * Joseph McCarthy (1908–1957) * Patrick Henry (1736–1799) * Preston Brooks (1819–1857) * R. Budd Dwyer (1939–1987) * Ralph Nader (born 1934) * Richard Nixon (1913–1994) * Robert F. Kennedy (1925–1968) * Robert La Follette (1855–1925) * Ron Paul (born 1935) * Sam Houston (1793–1863) * Stephen F. Austin (1793–1836) * Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) * Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826) * William Bradford (1590–1657) * William M. Tweed (1823–1878) * William Penn (1644–1718) ====Eski batı figürleri==== * Annie Oakley (1860–1926) * Bat Masterson (1853–1921) * Belle Starr (1848–1889) * Big Nose George (died 1881) * Big Nose Kate (1850–1940) * Bill Doolin (1858–1906) * Billy the Kid (1859–1881) * Brushy Bill Roberts (c. 1859 – 1950) * Butch Cassidy (1866 – c. 1908) * Calamity Jane (1852–1903) * Charles Bolles (1829 – c. 1888) * Charles Goodnight (1836–1929) * Cole Younger (1844–1916) * Cowboy Morgan Evans (1903–1969) * The Dalton Gang (1890–1892) * Doc Holliday (1851–1887) * James W. Marshall (1810–1885) * Jesse James (1847–1882) * Joaquin Murrieta (1829 – c. 1853) * John Sutter (1803–1880) * John Wesley Hardin (1853–1895) * Johnny Ringo (1850–1882) * Jose Chavez y Chavez (1851–1924) * Juan Cortina (1824–1894) * Kit Carson (1809–1868) * Mysterious Dave Mather (1851–?) * Pancho Villa (1878–1923) * Pat Garrett (1850–1908) * Reno Gang (1866–1868) * Robert Ford (1862–1892) * Roy Bean (c. 1825 – 1903) * Soapy Smith (1860–1898) * Tom Horn (1860–1903) * James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok (1837–1876) * William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (1846–1917) * Wyatt Earp (1848–1929) * Black Bart (1829 – c. 1888) ====Kaşifçiler ve sınırlarda yaşayanlar==== * Henry Hudson (died c. 1611) * John Smith (c. 1580 – 1631) * Daniel Boone (1734–1820) * Simon Kenton (1755–1836) * Mike Fink (c. 1770 – c. 1823) * "Johnny Appleseed" Chapman (1774–1845) * Zebulon Pike (1778–1813) * Davy Crockett (1785–1836) * Jedediah Smith (1798 – c. 1831) * Lewis & Clark (1804–1806) * James "Grizzly" Adams (c. 1807 – 1860) * John C. Frémont (1813–1890) * "Liver Eating" John Johnson (c. 1824 – 1900) ====Aktivistler==== =====Kölelik karşıtları===== * Dred Scott (1799–1858) * John Brown (1800–1859) * Nat Turner (1800–1831) * Henry Highland Garnet (1815–1882) * Frederick Douglass (1818–1895) * Harriet Tubman (1822–1913) =====Sivil hak Liderleri===== * Booker T. Washington (1856–1915) * W. E. B. Du Bois (1868–1963) * Marcus Garvey (1887–1940) * Elijah Muhammad (1897–1975) * Rosa Parks (1913–2005) * Medgar Evers (1925–1963) * Malcolm X (1925–1965) * Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968) * Eldridge Cleaver (1935–1998) * Bobby Seale (born 1936) * Huey P. Newton (1942–1989) * Jesse Jackson (born 1941) * H. Rap Brown (born 1943) * Al Sharpton (born 1954) * Freedom Riders (1961) =====Kadın hakları destekçileri===== * Sojourner Truth (1797–1883) * Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815–1902) * Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) * Emma Goldman (1869–1940) =====İşçi Hareketi===== * Mary Harris Jones (1837–1930) * Big Bill Haywood (1869–1928) * Sid Hatfield (1893–1921) * Molly Maguires (c. 1861 – 1878) * Fannie Sellins (1872–1917) * Frank Little (1879–1917) * Ginger Goodwin (1887–1918) * Wesley Everest (1890–1919) * Cesar Chavez (1927–1993) =====Skandalcılar===== * Joseph Pulitzer (1847–1911) * Jacob Riis (1849–1914) * Julius Chambers (1850–1920) * Ida M. Tarbell (1857–1944) * Charles Edward Russell (1860–1941) * William Randolph Hearst (1863–1951) * Lincoln Steffens (1866–1936) * David Graham Phillips (1867–1911) * Ray Stannard Baker (1870–1946) * William Henry Irwin (1873–1948) * William English Walling (1877–1936) * Upton Sinclair (1878–1968) =====Savaş karşıtları===== * Ron Paul (born 1935) * Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862) * Alice Herz (1882–1965) * Eugene McCarthy (1916–2005) * Howard Zinn (1922–2010) * Tom Laughlin (born 1931) * Norman Morrison (1933–1965) * Ralph Nader (born 1934) * Abbie Hoffman (1936–1989) * Jane Fonda (born 1937) * Jerry Rubin (1938–1994) * John Kerry (born 1943) * Sandra Lee Scheuer (1949–1970) * Jeffrey Glenn Miller (1950–1970) * William Knox Schroeder (1950–1970) * Allison Krause (1951–1970) * Michael Moore (born 1954) * Cindy Sheehan (born 1957) * Students for a Democratic Society (1962–1969) =====Amerikan Yerlileri Hareketi===== * Dennis Banks (born 1932) * Vine Deloria (1933–2005) * Clyde Bellecourt (born 1936) * Russell Means (born 1939) * Leonard Peltier (born 1944) * Sacheen Littlefeather (born 1947) =====Beyazların üstünlüğü öğretisi===== * Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821–1877) * Virgil Effinger (1873–1955) * William J. Simmons (1880–1945) * Hiram Wesley Evans (1881–1966) * William Dudley Pelley (1890–1965) * D. C. Stephenson (1891–1966) * Robert Edward Chambliss (1904–1985) * George Lincoln Rockwell (1916–1967) * Samuel Bowers (1924–2006) * Tom Metzger (born 1938) * David Duke (born 1950) * Alex Linder (born 1966) =====Çvreciler===== * Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862) * John Muir (1838–1914) * Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) * Aldo Leopold (1887–1948) * Rachel Carson (1907–1964) * Edward Abbey (1927–1989) * Smokey Bear (c. 1940s-1976) * Al Gore (born 1948) ====Askeri kişilikler==== * Francis Marion (c. 1732 – 1795) * Ethan Allen (1738–1789) * Stephen Decatur (1779–1820) * John Paul Jones (1747–1792) * Henry Knox (1750–1806) * William Henry Harrison (1773–1841) * Zachary Taylor (1784–1850) * Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) * William B. Travis (1809–1836) * William Tecumseh Sherman (1820–1891) * Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885) * Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson (1824–1863) * William Quantrill (1837–1865) * George Armstrong Custer (1839–1876) * Chester W. Nimitz (1885–1966) * George Marshall (1880–1959) * Douglas MacArthur (1880–1964) * George S. Patton (1885–1945) * Alvin C. York (1887–1964) * Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890–1969) * The Rough Riders (1898)* * Audie Murphy (1924–1971) * Tuskegee Airman (1940–1946) * William Calley (born 1943) * David Petraeus (born 1952) ====Atletler==== * Cap Anson (1852–1922) * John L. Sullivan (1858–1918) * Jack Johnson (1876–1946) * Ty Cobb (1886–1961) * Jim Thorpe (1888–1953) * Shoeless Joe Jackson (1888–1951) * Babe Ruth (1895–1948) * Jack Dempsey (1895–1983) * Lou Gehrig (1903–1941) * Red Grange (1903–1991) * Satchel Paige (1906–1982) * Vince Lombardi (1913–1970) * Jesse Owens (1913–1980) * Paul Bear Bryant (1913–1983) * Joe Louis (1914–1981) * Joe DiMaggio (1914–1999) * Gorgeous George (1915–1963) * Ted Williams (1918–2002) * Jackie Robinson (1919–1972) * The Harlem Globetrotters (1926–) * Mickey Mantle (1931–1995) * Johnny Unitas (1933–2002) * Wilt Chamberlain (1936–1999) * Evel Knievel (1938–2007) * Billy Mills (born 1938) * Bob Knight (born 1940) * Pete Rose (born 1941) * Muhammad Ali (born 1942) * Joe Namath (born 1943) * Pete Maravich (1947–1988) * Julius Erving (born 1950) * Steve Prefontaine (1951–1975) * Dale Earnhardt (1951–2001) * Joe Montana (born 1956) * Michael Jordan (born 1963) * Brett Favre (born 1969) * Lance Armstrong (born 1971) * Shaquille O'Neal (born 1972) * Tiger Woods (born 1975) * Peyton Manning (born 1976) * Tom Brady (born 1977) * Kobe Bryant (born 1978) * LeBron James (born 1984) * Michael Phelps (born 1985) * Tim Tebow (born 1987) ====Edebiyatçılar==== * Parson Weems (1756–1825) * Washington Irving (1783–1859) * James Fenimore Cooper (1789–1951) * Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882) * Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804–1864) * Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882) * Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849) * Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811–1896) * Walt Whitman (1819–1892) * Herman Melville (1819–1891) * Emily Dickinson (1830–1886) * Horatio Alger, Jr. (1832–1899) * Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888) * Mark Twain (1835–1910) * L. Frank Baum (1856–1919) * Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867–1957) * Robert Frost (1874–1963) * Jack London (1876–1910) * H. L. Mencken (1880–1956) * Uncle Remus (1881–1905) * T. S. Eliot (1888–1965) * H. P. Lovecraft (1890–1937) * F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896–1940) * Stephen Vincent Benét (1898–1943) * Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961) * John Steinbeck (1902–1968) * Langston Hughes (1902–1967) * Dr. Seuss (1904–1991) * Tennessee Williams (1911–1983) * William S. Burroughs (1914–1997) * J. D. Salinger (1919–2010) * Jack Kerouac (1922–1969) * Kurt Vonnegut (1922–2007) * Flannery O'Connor (1925–1964) * Allen Ginsberg (1926–1997) * Shel Silverstein (1930–1999) * Sylvia Plath (1932–1963) * Hunter S. Thompson (1937–2005) * Stephen King (born 1947) * Beat Generation (1948-early 1960s) * William Faulkner (1897–1962) ====Artistler==== * Thomas Cole (1801–1848) * Grandma Moses (1860–1961) * Frederic Remington (1861–1909) * Norman Rockwell (1894–1978) * Jackson Pollock (1912–1956) * Andy Warhol (1928–1987) ====Müzisyenler==== * Edwin Pearce Christy (1815–1862) * Dan Emmett (1815–1904) * Stephen Foster (1826–1864) * John Philip Sousa (1854–1923) * Scott Joplin (1867–1917) * W. C. Handy (1873–1958) * George M. Cohan (1878–1942) * Jelly Roll Morton (1885–1941) * Al Jolson (1886–1950) * Leadbelly (1888–1949) * Jimmie Rodgers (1897–1933) * George Gershwin (1898–1937) * Emmett Miller (1900–1962) * Louis Armstrong (1901–1971) * Fats Waller (1904–1934) * Robert Johnson (1911–1938) * Woody Guthrie (1912–1967) * Billie Holiday (1915–1959) * Charlie Parker (1920–1955) * Hank Williams (1923–1953) * Ray Charles (1930–2004) * Johnny Cash (1932–2003) * Elvis Presley (1935–1977) * Buddy Holly (1936–1959) * Bob Dylan (born 1941) * Jimi Hendrix (1942–1970) * Jim Morrison (1943–1971) * Bruce Springsteen (born 1949) * Michael Jackson (1958–2009) * The Rat Pack (1950–1980s) * Kurt Cobain (1967–1994) * Tupac Shakur (1971–1996) * The Notorious B.I.G. (1972–1997) ====Aktör ve film yapımcıları==== * Edwin Forrest (1806–1872) * Edwin Booth (1833–1892) * D. W. Griffith (1875–1948) * Will Rogers (1879–1935) * Tom Mix (1880–1940) * John Barrymore (1882–1942) * Lon Chaney, Sr. (1883–1930) * Roscoe Arbuckle (1887–1933) * John Ford (1894–1973) * Rudolph Valentino (1895–1926) * Walt Disney (1901–1966) * John Wayne (1907–1979) * Marx Brothers (1905 – c. 1950) * Orson Wells (1915–1985) * Marlon Brando (1924–2004) * Marilyn Monroe (1926–1962) * The Three Stooges (1925–1970) * Laurel and Hardy (1926–1957) * Abbott and Costello (1929–1965) * Stanley Kubrick (1928–1999) * Clint Eastwood (born 1930) * James Dean (1931–1955) * Bruce Lee (1940–1973) *George Carlin ====Amerikan yerlileri==== * Hiawatha (12th century) * Squanto (1580–1625) * Pocahontas (1595–1617) * Sequoyah (1767–1843) * Tecumseh (1768–1813) * Sacagawea (1788 – c. 1812) * Red Cloud (1822–1909) * Geronimo (1829–1909) * Sitting Bull (1831–1890) * Liliuokalani (1838–1917) * Chief Joseph (1840–1904) * Crazy Horse (1840–1877) * Black Elk (1863–1950) * Ira Hayes (1923–1955) ====Havacılık ve uzay kaşifçileri==== * Eddie Rickenbacker (1890–1973) * Amelia Earhart (1897-?) * Charles Lindbergh (1902–1974) * The Wright Brothers (1903) * Howard Hughes (1905–1976) * John Glenn (born 1921) * Alan Shepard (1923–1998) * Chuck Yeager (born 1923) * Neil Armstrong (born 1930) * Buzz Aldrin (born 1930) * Christa McAuliffe (1948–1986) * Sally Ride (1951–2012) * Chesley Sullenberger (born 1951) ====Suçlular==== * Al Capone (1899–1947)' * Baby Face Nelson (1908–1934) * Blackbeard (c. 1680 – 1718) * Bonnie Parker (1910–1934 * Charles Ponzi (1882–1949) * Clyde Barrow (1909–1934) * D.B. Cooper (died c. 1971) * Jimmy Hoffa (1913-?) * John Dillinger (1903–1934) * John Gotti (1940–2002) * John Wilkes Booth (1836–1865) * Lizzie Borden (1860–1927) * Lucky Luciano (1897–1962)) * Pretty Boy Floyd (1904–1934) * Stagger Lee Shelton (1865–1912) * Tommy Lucchese (1899–1967) * Willie Sutton (1901–1980) ====Hukukçular==== * Allan Pinkerton (1819–1884) * J. Edgar Hoover (1895–1972) * Melvin Purvis (1903–1960) * Eliot Ness (1903–1957) ====Dini kişilikler==== * Anne Hutchinson (1591–1643) * Roger Williams (1603–1683) * Increase Mather (1639–1723) * Cotton Mather (1663–1728) * Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) * George Whitefield (1714–1770) * Brigham Young (1801–1877) * Joseph Smith (1805–1844) * Mary Baker Eddy (1821–1910) * Billy Sunday (1862–1935) * Aimee Semple McPherson (1890–1944) * Charles Coughlin (1891–1979) * Billy Graham (born 1918) ====Mucitler ve Girişimciler==== * Charles Goodyear (1800–1860) * Eli Whitney (1765–1825) * John Deere (1804–1886) * Samuel Morse (1791–1872) * P. T. Barnum (1810–1891) * Levi Strauss (1829–1902) * Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919) * John D. Rockefeller (1839–1937) * Jack Daniel (1846–1911) * Thomas Edison (1847–1931) * Alexander Graham Bell (1847–1922) * Henry Ford (1863–1947) * Colonel Sanders (1890–1980) * Walt Disney (1901–1966) ====Amerikan Devriminin Devlet Adamları==== * Paul Revere (1735–1818) * Thomas Paine (1737–1809) * Abigail Adams (1744–1818) * Betsy Ross (1752–1836) ====Diğer==== * Leif Ericson (c. 970 – c. 1020) * Oceanus Hopkins (1620 – c. 1623) * Sally Hemings (c. 1773 – 1835) * Marie Laveau (1801–1881) * Chang and Eng Bunker (1811–1874) * Emperor Norton I (1819–1880) * Abner Doubleday (1819–1893) * General Tom Thumb (1838–1883) * The Leatherman (c. 1839 – 1889) * Isaac W. Sprague (1841–1887) * Jumbo (1861–1885) * Casey Jones (1863–1900) * Fedor Jeftichew (1868–1904) * Mary Mallon (1869–1938) * Leon Ray Livingston (1872–1944) * Harry Houdini (1874–1936) * Helen Keller (1880–1968) * Abraham Zapruder (1905–1970) * Colonel Tom Parker (1909–1997) * Timothy Leary (1920–1996) * Black Dahlia (1924 – c. 1947) * Wavy Gravy (born 1936) * Wolfman Jack (1939–1995) * Christopher McCandless (1968–1992) ===Efsanevi ve Kültürel kişilikler=== * Babe the Blue Ox * Bigfoot * Bloody Mary * Cardiff Giant * Champ * Christmas elf * Chupacabra * Fur-bearing trout * Goatman * Grey aliens * Hodag * Jackalope * Jersey Devil * La Llorona * Mothman * Nain Rouge * Rabbit's foot * Santa Claus * Skunk Ape * Squonk * Wendigo * The White Lady * The Michigan Dogman * Zombie

Dış bağlantılar

* American Folklore Society * AmericanFolklore.net * American Myth Today: O Brother, Where Art Thou? American Studies at the University of Virginia

Kaynaklar

Vikipedi

Yanıtlar